Bookstore Vegan

There is a lot of vegan food that does not taste very good, and there are a lot of vegan cookbooks full of recipes for this not very good tasting food. But disliking food does not have to be a prerequisite for embracing veganism; there is a lot of excellent vegan food out there for people who do not want to contribute to the suffering and unpleasant death of other animals, yet still enjoy eating. Two recent vegan cookbooks, both blog-based, have, based on my sampling, more good recipes than bad. Even though I no longer buy cookbooks, I can still cook from new cookbooks, but this puts me behind in the project of plowing through all the cookbooks that I have bought.

bgTess Masters, the Blender Girl, loves her Vita-Mix. Almost all the recipes on her blog and in her book, The Blender Girl: Super-Easy, Super-Healthy Meals, Snacks, Desserts, and Drinks–100 Gluten-Free, Vegan Recipes!, involve tossing ingredients in a blender at some point. And often a super blender is needed; my wimpy blender was just not powerful enough for some of these recipes. I also used my food processor, but often my blend was not as smooth as it should have been. Still, I liked her recipes a lot. There’s lots more that can be made with a blender besides smoothies, and a super blender is very useful in a vegan diet: blended nuts or blended cauliflower can contribute to sauces that replace dairy sauces.

seavegI like the idea of incorporating more sea vegetables into my diet, but Whole Foods Market is not making this easy. They used to carry lots of different packets of sea vegetables, but now our local store only has nori, konbu, and a packet of mixed sea vegetables. So instead of buying hijiki and arame, I just used this mixed packet to make “Citrus Sea Slaw” (page 99). I also could not find water chestnuts (not being willing to use canned water chestnuts), so I used more jicama. I was making the slaw in advance, and was not sure how well the “mixed leafy greens” called for in the recipe would survive, so I used cabbage. The final result tasted fine, but was not particularly attractive.

DSC_0367“Dream of Spinach” (page 108) is the best possible green puréed soup ever! It is a blend of roasted garlic, scallions, red onion, celery, zucchini, parsley, and spinach, in vegetable broth, with some soaked raw cashews for creaminess. I think that the roasted garlic and soaked cashews are the secret ingredients that make this soup so much better than others. [Go to the recipe.]

padI went through a phase several years ago of trying every pad thai recipe that I came across; some I enjoyed more than others, but I never came across the definitive (at least according to what I like) recipe. Blendergirl’s recipe (page 135) set me back on this quest. This recipe came close, surprisingly close given that there is no fish sauce, but the search is still not over. Tempeh, carrots, and bok choy are combined with the rice noodles; the sauce is quite nice, with sesame oil, soy sauce, coconut nectar, red curry paste, and a few other ingredients. As long as there was some of this left in the refrigerator, I looked forward to heating a bowl of it for a light meal.

veganthaicurrybg“Penang Curry” (page 141) did not quite work for me. You make your own curry paste in this recipe, and the curry paste was good. The problem came with the ingredients to be sauced: tofu, chard, and orange squash. I think mushrooms, zucchini, and spinach would have worked better, even if the tofu was still included. Unlike the pad thai, this dish resulted in leftovers that I kept pretending that I did not see when I opened the refrigerator door.

“I-Love-Veggies! Bake” (page 144) is a gratin of butternut squash, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and green beans, in a sauce made creamy by blending cauliflower in vegetable broth. Butternut squash and sweet potatoes are too many orange vegetables in one dish for me; if I ever make this again I will omit one of them. The sauce, however, was tasty, and succeeded as a vegan replacement for milk or cream. I had the same problem with this gratin that I have with dairy gratins: my sliced vegetables just didn’t cook. After the one hour and fifteen minutes cooking time in the recipe, the vegetables could barely be penetrated with a fork. I left the gratin in the oven, turned the heat down, and took Wuffles to the vet. The vet visit was much longer that I had anticipated, but when I came back two hours later, the vegetables were cooked to perfection.

veganchocpieMy version of  “Raw Chocolate-Orange Torte” (page 152) was not that raw, since there are steps involving heat in the processing of chocolate.  Raw chocolate does exist, but the chocolate that I used was not raw. Furthermore, the cashews in the crust are also an issue: “raw cashews” are rarely raw; heat is used to separate the nut from toxic resins within the shell. But I was looking for vegan recipes, not raw recipes, and this recipe is certainly vegan, as well as naturally sweetened and gluten free, and yet quite edible. I would call this a pie, not a torte. The crust consists of almonds, dates, and cocoa powder blended together; the filling has coconut oil, orange juice, agave nectar, soaked cashews, and more cocoa. For a recipe that conforms to all sorts of dietary restrictions, this was fairly good, but in the universe of all desserts, this recipe rates at best an “okay”.

osgAngela Liddon, creator of the Oh She Glows blog and The Oh She Glows Cookbook: Over 100 Vegan Recipes to Glow from the Inside Out tells of her journey to veganism through the valley of eating disorders. Although I am pleased when anyone goes from less healthy to more healthy eating habits, I am, as a cookbook consumer, a little suspicious of recipes from a person with such a history. However, this is a transition that Angela has successfully made, for her recipes are the recipes of a person who likes food.

The idea of “Glowing Strawberry-Mango Guacamole” (page 81) is surprisingly successful: onion, mango, strawberries, and cilantro added to mashed up avocados and flavored with lime juice and salt. Before I mixed everything together, it seemed that the flesh from one mango, finely chopped, and a cup and a half f finely chopped strawberries would be way too much for only two avocados, but this was a very satisfactory amount of add-ins. I did add more lime juice than called for.

sobasssNeither soba noodles nor edamame are my favorite ingredients, and so I am not quite sure why I added “Empowered Noodle Bowl, Two Ways: Thai Peanut & Orange-Maple Miso” (page 153) to my menu. Perhaps it was the miso, an ingredient of which I am quite fond. I only made the miso version, which consists of a sauce with miso, rice vinegar, sesame oil, tahini, orange juice, and maple syrup, over a salad with soba and edamame and other vegetables. My fondness for miso ended up trumping my dislike of soba and edamame, because I enjoyed seconds of this salad.

redlentcaul“Indian Lentil-Cauliflower Soup” (page 133) is not particularly special or unusual, but it is nevertheless exactly the sort of food that I like. The lentils are red lentils, cooked to a mush, and along with the cauliflower, there is spinach and sweet potato. The sweet potato might have ruined this soup if the soup flavors were less assertive, or of there had been more sweet potato, but it all worked out. I made more of a sauce than a soup and served it over rice, although later I thinned the sauce and got a soup.

peanutstewAuthors of vegetarian cookbooks seem to think that all vegetarian dishes of Africa contain peanuts (or peanut butter) and sweet potatoes or an orange squash. Angela is no exception. Her “Soul-Soothing African Peanut Stew” (page 120) has sweet potatoes as well as a few other vegetables in a peanut butter sauce. This stew was good version of vegetarian cookbook-style African food. The peanut flavor was not overwhelming, and there were enough other vegetables to keep the sweet potato under control.

detox“Eat Your Greens Detox Soup” (page 139) looked and tasted so healthy with lots of vegetables floating in a mostly clear broth. Along with the detox type vegetables, there are other detox ingredients such as ginger and tumeric. At the end of a month of Jewish eating occasions, this was the perfect soup to serve. The only problem I had with this soup was the color of the cooked broccoli, but I will just have to live with that unpleasant shade of green. [Go to the recipe.]

bsproutspotI am not that fond of Brussels sprouts, but I am intrigued by the theory that since bees share my dislike of Brussels sprouts, one way to keep bees out of the sukkah is to serve Brussels sprouts. Therefore I prepared “Roasted Brussels Sprouts with Fingerling Potatoes and Rosemary” (page 205), and we had no bees! This dish is about half Brussels sprouts and half potatoes, and so the non-lovers of Brussels sprouts can usually manage a serving that is mostly potatoes. The lovers of Brussels sprouts at my table also approved of this combination.

For Angela’s contribution to the dessert category, I made her “Gooey Pumpkin Spice Latte Chocolate Pudding Cake” from her blog, a version of a recipe appearing in the cookbook. I served this warm, with fake (coconut) ice cream. Warm plus cold plus chocolate goes a long way, so even if this is not a great dessert, it’s easily appreciated, especially considering how relatively healthy it is.

 

Spinach Soup

Adapted from Tess Masters, The Blender Girl

¼ cup raw cashews
1 head garlic
Olive oil
1 red onion, chopped
2 stalks celery, peeled and chopped
1 large or 2 small zucchini. chopped
½ bunch parsley, chopped
4 cups vegetable broth
5 ounces baby spinach
Salt
Pepper

Before you do anything else, put the cashews in water and let them soak for 2 to 4 hours.

Wrap the garlic in aluminum foil and put it in a 350º oven for about 45 minutes. When the garlic is soft, remove it from the oven, and when it is cool enough to handles, cut off the top of the garlic bulb, and squeeze out all the good roasted garlic.

Now to make the soup: heat some olive oil in a soup pot. Add the onion, and after the onion has cooked a few minutes, add the celery and zucchini. Let the vegetables cook a little longer, than add the parsley, broth, and salt and pepper to taste. Let the soup simmer for 10 minutes. Add the spinach and simmer another 5 minutes. Drain the cashews, and add the cashews. Remove the soup from the heat, and blend it all together. I think that this soup is best smooth, so a standing blender will work better than an immersion blender.

 

Detox Soup

Adapted from Angela Liddon, The Oh She Glows Cookbook

Olive oil
1 onion, chopped
3 cloves garlic, minced
8 ounces mushrooms, chopped
2-3 carrots, sliced
1 inch ginger, peeled and minced
½ teaspoon tumeric
Pinch cinnamon
1 bunch broccoli, separated into florets; stems peeled and chopped
5 cups vegatable broth
1 bunch lacinato kale, spines removed and chopped
Salt

Heat the oil in a soup pot. Add the onions and cook until soft; then add the garlic, mushrooms, carrots, ginger, tumeric, and cinnamon. Cook for about 5 minutes. Add the broccoli, broth, kale and salt and pepper to taste. Simmer the soup until the vegetables to your desired degree of doneness, perhaps another 20 minutes.

Indian Food from California

caindianFor some mysterious reason I associate Sukkot with Indian food. There is something autumnal about Indian food, and I do appreciate the freedom to be able to heat up saucy food, unlike on Shabbat. Thus, in this what-we-ate-in-the sukkah post, we once again examine Indian food. Having previously looked at Indian cookbooks from Michigan, we now look at two Indian cookbooks from California. One is a lavish self-published book, the other a restaurant cookbook.

entI became aware of Komali Nunna’s cookbook, Entertaining From an Ethnic Indian Kitchen from my brother, who had come across this cookbook at a book fair, bought it, and was happy with the recipes that he tried. Komali, along with her photographer and designers, has produced a rather too beautiful coffee table cookbook that just happens to have excellent recipes. The book is a menu type cookbook, with themed menus (“Barbeque Party” or “Moghul Banquet”), regional menus, menus for Indian festivals, and menus for American holidays. This is not my favorite cookbook format. In addition to the food photographs, this book has lots of Bon Appétit-style pictures of affluent Southern Californians enjoying themselves at Komali’s entertainment events. Here at Cookbook Cornucopia, we are much scruffier than Komali’s guests, so trying to reproduce one of her parties would have been a lost cause right from the start. But I was very successful in picking recipes from different menus that appealed to me.

beetcucI usually do not find many salads of the type that I like to put out before the hot food in Indian cookbooks, but the “Beets-Cucumber Salad” (page 290) from Komali’s book is exactly the sort of salad recipe that I like. For this salad, beets and cucumber are combined with a honey-mint-ginger dressing. I used yellow beets instead of red beets since I like the taste better, and was making the salad in advance and did not want the beets to turn everything pink. For the mint, I used the peppermint outside our back door instead of the more common spearmint. The peppermint had a very interesting numbing effect at first that faded after a day or two.

badpickleThe one recipe failure from this book was “Pickled Cauliflower, Turnips, and Carrots” (page 213). The vegetables are blanched and, when cool, added to a pickling liquid of oil, vinegar, spices, sugar, ginger, and garlic. Komali says to use malt vinegar or apple cider vinegar. I used the malt vinegar, which I think was the first problem with this recipe; I do not think that the malt vinegar contributed a very good taste. The second problem was the half cup of coarsely ground black mustard seeds. Although black mustard seeds are possible my very favorite Indian flavoring, a half cup was just too much. Furthermore, the coarse grind was not a good idea. With a different vinegar and fewer mustard seeds, though, this might have made a good pickle. The turnips were a surprisingly successful ingredient.

palakPalak Paneer is one of the great dishes of the world. I like it any which way, from the frozen Amy’s version, to the best Indian restaurant versions. The only way I don’t like this dish is with tofu substituting for the paneer, a problem if I ever decide to embrace veganism. Still, some versions are better than others, and in my search for recipes to make myself, I never found one that was quite perfect until I came across Komali Nunna’s version (page 214). Her spices are just right, and the spinach sauce is faintly flavored with tomato. I am inclined to deviate from her recipe in the amount of paneer: I love fried paneer, so I usually use more. [Go to the recipe.]

chickpeass“Khatte Chole (Sour Chickpea Curry)” (page 100) is as good an Indian chickpea dish as any. Komali makes this curry with canned chickpeas, and I was feeling lazy, so I did too (although I expect that this dish would have been even better had I cooked my own chickpeas). All the usual suspects appear in the ingredient lineup: onion, ginger, chilies, cumin, coriander, tamarind, tomatoes,… . I just served these chickpeas with rice, but according to Komali, some type of bread would be more appropriate.

peppersssThe “Stuffed Bell Peppers” (page 278) are stuffed with a mashed potato mixture and topped with buttered bread crumbs. The amount of stuffing is not enough for four peppers, let alone the six peppers called for in the recipe. The bread crumbs were an annoying distraction. Despite these complaints, I like the idea of using potatoes as a pepper stuffer, and the potatoes themselves were very nicely flavored.

inddatec“Khajoor Guja” (page 200) is a wonderful recipe for fried date pastries. The crust is a simple flour, salt, oil, and water mixture, and the filling combines dates with coconut, pistachios, sugar, and cardamom. I used only half the sugar called for in the recipe, and the filling was still more than sweet enough. These cookies were completely irresistible when fresh, and even after a couple of days when the crust was no longer crisp, they were still very good. Let us note that these cookies are completely vegan.

ajWithout going to my shelves to count, I feel that I have dozens of cookbooks just like Lachu Moorjani’s Ajanta: Regional Feasts of India (although in fact there might be fewer than half a dozen): Indian cookbooks with color illustrations on thick paper with restaurant recipes. The main reason I pulled out this particular book is that the author’s restaurant is in California; Berkeley, to be precise. Also, before becoming a restaurant owner, Lachu was an engineer. I like to think that coming to the world of food as a second career is a good sign, indicating a true love of food (although I suppose in some cases, the first career just didn’t work out). The book is a menu cookbook, with menus from different regions of India. This I totally ignored, and just picked the recipes that looked appealing. This is not a vegetarian cookbook, but is certainly vegetarian friendly. I liked everything I made from this cookbook, and would like to explore it further (but first I have to get through a few more of the other Indian cookbooks).

caulbeanThe phrase “mixed vegetables” bring to mind flavorless frozen combinations of corn, beans, and peas that I would put on the table when first learning to cook. But “Sabzi Rangarang (Mixed Vegetables in Spicy Sauce)” (page 89) is completely different. The vegetables are not that unusual: potatoes, carrots, cauliflower, and green bean; but combined with the sauce form a dish unknown to the tables of my childhood.

urudI have a good recipe for urud dal in a cream sauce, but Lachu’s “Urid Daal” (page 201) seemed like another good treatment for urud dal, this time vegan. The flavors are not complicated: cumin, tumeric, tomato, tamarind, and cilantro, and so this is a very easy dish to prepare. But the taste is great, and I did not miss the cream at all.

indeggp“Baingam Bharta (Pureed Roasted Eggplant with Onions, Tomatoes and Spices)” (page 50) was just wonderful, although I think I would have liked it a little less spicy hot. Although definitely Indian, this eggplant dish is quite similar to some Middle Eastern eggplant dishes. Lachu recommends cooking the eggplants on top of a gas stove, directly over burners; I expect an outdoor grill would also work to impart the desired smoky flavor to the eggplant. I took the alternate path and cooked the eggplant in a hot oven, forgoing the smoky flavor, but making less of a mess, and without having to supervise constantly the process.

indfcocochutney“Masala Vadai (spicy Lentil Cakes with Coconut Chutney)” (page 154) are best described as Indian falafel. Like the best falafel, these are made by first soaking dried beans (urud, toor, and chana dal, instead of chickpeas), then grinding with onions and other flavorings (with these, cilantro, hot green pepper, and ginger), and finally frying in hot oil. When fresh, these were delicious, especially with the coconut chutney, and were still really good a few days later. The main ingredients of the chutney are coconut, cilantro, and tamarind paste. I had to add more water to the chutney in order to get a consistency that I liked. [Go to the recipe.]

peanutchutneyWhen I was collecting recipes to make from this cookbook, I was not sure that I would like the coconut chutney, and so also made “Peanut Mint Cilantro Chutney” (page 165). In addition to the named ingredients, this chutney has tomatoes, tamarind, and hot peppers. This was a much more liquid chutney than the coconut chutney. Both were excellent, non-sweet condiments, but I think I actually liked the coconut chutney a little more.

 

Palak Paneer

Adapted from Komali Nunna, Entertaining From an Ethnic Indian Kitchen

1 pound paneer
Ghee
1 pound spinach
¼ cup oil
1 bay leaf
1 teaspoon cumin seeds
1 red onion, chopped
1 inch piece ginger, peeled and minced
4 cloves garlic, minced
1 tablespoon coriander
1 teaspoon cayenne
1 teaspoon tumeric
1 teaspoon amchoor
1 teaspoon fennel seeds
1½ teaspoons salt
8 ounces tomato sauce or crushed tomatoes
1 teaspoon sugar
1 tablespoon milk
¼ teaspoon garam masala
2 tablespoons chopped cilantro

Cut the paneer into cubes and fry in some ghee until golden brown on all sides. Drain on paper towels and set aside.

Thoroughly rinse the spinach and remove any thick stems. Roughly chop. You may also use packaged baby spinach, and the sauce will still be great, just not as great.

Heat the oil in a large skillet, possibly the same skillet in which you fried the paneer, after wiping it out. Add the bay leaf and cumin seeds. When the seeds begin to brown, add the onion, ginger, and garlic. Cook and stir for a few minutes, then add the cayenne, tumeric, amchoor, and fennel seeds. Cook and stir for a few more minutes, then add the salt and tomatoes. Cook for about 4 minutes, then add the spinach and cook another 10 minutes. Remove the bay leaf and whiz this spinach mixture in the food processor. You don’t want complete smoothness, so stop whizzing while there is still some texture left. Ypou could also use an immersion blender. Return the spinach to the skillet and add the paneer. Stir in the sugar and milk. Taste to see if you want more salt.

Heat a spoonful of ghee in a small pan and add the garam masala to the ghee. Pour this over the spinach. Stir in the cilantro.

 

Indian Falafel with Coconut Chutney

Adapted from Lachu Moorjani, Ajanta: Regional Feasts of India

Falafel:
½ cup toor dal
½ cup urud dal
½ cup chana dal
4½ cups water
2 serrano chilies, seeded and chopped
1 onion, chopped
½ bunch cilantro, roughly chopped
1½ teaspoons salt
2 inch piece ginger, chopped
Oil

Chutney:
Oil
¼ cup urud dal
½ cup unsweetened coconut
2 serrano chilies, seeded and chopped
1 bunch cilantro, roughly chopped
1 inch piece ginger, chopped
1 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons tamarind paste
1 teaspoon cumin seeds
1 teaspoon mustard seeds
½ teaspoon asafoetida

Pick over the dal, then soak it in the water for 2 to 4 hours. Drain, then put in the food processor with all the rest of the ingredients except for the oil. Pulse until the beans are ground into a paste.Heat an inch or so of oil in a pan. Form the bean paste into walnut sized balls and fry until golden on all sides. The oil should be hot enough so that the ball start to sizzle when you put them in the oil. Drain on paper towels. Depending on the size of your pan, you may have to do this in batches, adding more oil if necessary.

To make the chutney, heat a few tablespoons of oil in a small pan, add the urud dal, and cook until the dal is golden. Add the dal, coconut, chilies, cilantro, ginger, salt, and tamarind paste to the bowl of a food processor, and pulse until puréed. Add water to achieve your desired consistency.

Heat a little bit of oil in the small pan. When hot, add the cumin seeds, mustard seeds, and asafoetida. When the mustard seeds pop, add to the chutney.